What is Forex? definition and meaning

Why China is Pumping China Stocks

Why China is Pumping China Stocks
TLDR: China is actively fighting domestic capital outflows. They are incentivising keeping funds on-shore by pumping the equity markets. Buy large China stocks (BABA, JD).
Inb4 pos or ban
The Economics
China has a fixed exchange rate regime. Blah blah RMB internationalization, blah blah offshore RMB (which is actually settled in US dollars). This places it within line C of the policy trilemma (which says, you can't sustainably have all 3). Since 2005 to about 2017, the government was moving towards free capital mobility because of large amounts of exports which fed the national forex reserves. You bet billions of RMB left China, which the government didn't really like at first because that reduced domestic investment and would contribute to a weaker RMB. Basically, China was trying to do all 3 which works for a short while... until your forex reserves run out.

https://preview.redd.it/g0nwsssoe7f51.png?width=580&format=png&auto=webp&s=0e46b6b2cfa12b351b30ff2c5567c2f9992e99b2

The Current Problem
The trade war has definitely been bad for China. I am going to try and skip politics, but basically foreign exchange reserves have been gapping down (official Chinese data is 100% fake). China is increasingly bellicose as well, which doesn't improve relations with trading partners who also buy with US dollars.
You can't exchange for US dollars anymore. For private citizens, you can only exchange for education purposes or travel . For companies, you need verification of invoices through both SAFE (State Administration of Foreign Exchange) and the tax offices. This used to take 24hrs, but is now taking 2-3 weeks for amounts >$500k. China also has US dollar denominated bank accounts. But unfortunately, you can't take it in cash unless you have the reasons above. Chinese media is also branding holding US dollars as unpatriotic, so I'm afraid my $50k in digital money might be subject to confiscation. If not, it's just fake money (can't take cash or wire out).
China has been brrrrrring to the pace of JPOW. Weapon of choice are muni and local bonds, which have been forced upon local banks. This creates a certain credit problem, but let's not worry about that until later.

https://preview.redd.it/maul8aope7f51.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=36dd4665517ec7303b51aa1416517c9e0ea50bef

The Solution
China's pretty smart. All those RMB quotes are fake. You can try to get US dollars, but that is almost impossible now. Anyone who wants to buy RMB, contact me and we'll trade at the current price. So looking at the impossible triangle, free capital mobility has become nonexistent. In order to keep exchange rate stability (to avoid a sudden rush towards the door) and keep printing, free capital mobility needs to be 100% sacrificed.
How do you do that with a population that has seen the west and aspire to get out? You need to keep the money onshore. Thankfully, all Chinese are greedy and the equity markets are full of retailers that pump stocks up or down 10% per day. This is one of the reasons for the early July State Council report calling for everyone to buy stocks. Who's buying? Everyone. And if it drops, the national team takes over.
This creates a powerful incentive to fill the foreign reserves again. Foreigners (funds) would want to get in on the action. They will exchange their dollars for RMB, get those 20% gains, but eventually find out trying to get that money back into USD is impossible.
China has also been strengthening the RMB from 7.10 to 6.96 as of yesterday. Smart, because why would you want to sell an asset that's weakening? This is also a reason why China fears gold rallies - buying gold causes RMB to leave. Happily for the SAFE, some banks have stopped offering their paper gold products.
China will pump its domestic markets. Unless you have a Chinese account, the closest thing you can get to are mega names like Alibaba, JD and Tencent. I would avoid touching too small companies because of LK coffee problems.
Oh yeah the trade war? Well, pussies don't make money.
submitted by 1poundbookingfee to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

[Econ] Making the Best of a Very Bad Thing

November 2030
Well, uh, this sucks. Just a few short months after the Arab States of the Gulf finally unified, the world economy decided to explode. This is what we in the business of economics call a very bad thing.
The effects across the FAS have been relatively disparate. The United Arab Emirates, easily the most diversified economy in the region, has been the least heavily impacted (though it's still bad). Diversification programs in Oman and Bahrain have also helped to stave off some of the worst impacts of the crisis, though they haven't been as successful in avoiding the effects as the UAE. Qatar and Kuwait, still almost entirely reliant on hydrocarbon exports, are not happy with this turn of events. Falling global oil prices, though propped up a little by a sudden increase in demand from China, have left their economies struggling much more than the rest of the country, and in desperate need of assistance from the better off parts of the country.
One major pain point in this crisis has been the FAS's economic ties to the United States. While most of the FAS's trade is with Asia, Africa, and Europe, the US financial system still plays a crucial role in the FAS. The stability of the US Dollar has long been used to protect the economies of the Gulf using their vast Forex reserves (earned from oil sales) to peg their currency to the US Dollar. With the US Dollar in complete collapse, the value of the Khaleeji is plummeting right along with it, causing a significant degree of harm to the FAS's economy.
To help offset this harm (and to decouple the FAS's economy from a country that the FAS is starting to view as maybe not the most reliable economic partner), the Central Bank in Dubai has announced that the Khaleeji will switch its peg from the US Dollar to a basket of foreign currencies (the Euro, the Pound Sterling, the Swiss Franc, the US Dollar, and the Japanese Yen). The FAS hopes that this will help to salvage the Khaleeji's value, better protecting the economy from the collapse of the dollar-based international financial system. Rumor has it that the Central Bank is discussing the idea of unpegging the Khaleeji entirely and allowing it to float freely, but so far, the Central Bank has made no moves towards floating the Khaleeji.
Crises suck. They shatter the status quo and throw established norms and procedures into chaos. No one really wins during a crisis.
But in another sense, they're a double-edged sword. The status quo is often a repressive entity, reinforcing existing hierarchies and preventing dramatic shifts in the order of things. Chaos breaks that apart, giving the ingenuitive and the entrepreneurial on opportunity to better their lot in ways they otherwise could not.
Put differently: chaos is a ladder, and the FAS intends to be the one climbing it. As the largest economy in the Arab World (and one of the world's 20 largest economies) by both nominal GDP and GDP per capita (by a significant margin--it's probably either Saudi Arabia or Egypt in second place in nominal GDP, and definitely Saudi Arabia in second place in GDP per capita, but the FAS more than doubles the country in second place in both categories, so it's sort of a moot point), the FAS hopes to cement its place as the regional economic power.
The FAS has announced a new slate of policies intended to attract rich investors, manufacturing firms, and financiers fleeing the new nationalization program of the United States. New free trade zones have been created throughout the country--especially in the struggling, undiversified regions of Kuwait and Qatar--with the goal of convincing fleeing American manufacturers to set up shop in these areas. Attractions include wildly low tax rates (as low as zero percent in some instances), a common law framework (as opposed to the Sharia-based legal system in most of the FAS), highly subsidized land prices (sometimes free), relaxed financial restrictions (making it easier to move money in and out of the FTZ), and, for large enough firms moving enough operations into the country, preferential visa treatment (making it easier for them to relocate foreign employees into the country). Sitting at one of the major crossroads of global trade, moving operations to the FAS offers easy access to both the world's established consumer markets (like the EU and East Asia) as well as to some of its largest growing markets (South and Southeast Asia, East Africa, and MENA). Pair this with wildly high standards of living (for people who aren't slaves Asian or African migrant workers) and established expatriate communities, and the FAS becomes an incredibly attractive option for American and other foreign firms looking to relocate.
In addition to manufacturing-oriented FTZs, special attention has been paid to attracting service-oriented firms to new and existing FTZs in the vein of Dubai Internet City, Dubai Design District, Dubai Knowledge Park, and Dubai Media City, with the goal of developing a robust service economy that can capture growing markets in the MENA, South Asia, and East African regions. In advertising these zones, the governments of the FAS have highlighted the success of previous ventures in Dubai, which have attracted the regional headquarters of giants like Facebook, Intel, LinkedIn, Google, Dell, Samsung, Microsoft, IBM, Tata Consultancy, and more.
Perhaps one of the most substantial pushes, though, is to attract American financial services and FinTech firms to base in the FAS (particularly Dubai, Kuwait City, Doha, and Abu Dhabi, the traditional centers of regional finance). New financial industry free trade zones have been set up in the four cities, structured in the vein of the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). These financial FTZs boast an independent and internationally regulated regulatory and judicial system, a common law framework, and extremely low taxation rates. All government services in these regions are available in English (the lingua franca of international finance), and in events where ambiguity exists in the legal and regulatory systems, the systems are set to default to English Common Law (except for the Kuwait City International Financial Centre, which is hoping to better tailor itself towards American financial firms by defaulting to American Civil Law from pre-2020 rather than English Common Law). Much like in the DIFC, these new FTZs will also run their own courts, staffed in large part by top judicial talent from Common Law (or in the case of Kuwait City, American Civil Law) jurisdictions like Singapore, England, and (formerly) Hong Kong. Using these FTZ, the four cities hope to raise their profile as financial centers. Dubai in particular is hoping to break into the top ten global financial centers--and it stands a good chance of doing so, too, as it sits at number 12, just behind cities like LA, SF, and Shenzhen--while the other cities are just hoping to boost their profile into the 20s or 10s (according to Long Finance, Dubai is number 12 in the world and 1 in the region, Abu Dhabi is number 39 in the world and two in the region, Doha is number 48 in the world, and Kuwait City is number 91).
submitted by TheManIsNonStop to Geosim [link] [comments]

Need a decent explanation on what determines gold price

I live in Europe. I know the price of gold is determined by a lot of factors (supply & demand, forex, ..) but I want to learn the theory about gold being expressed in dollars and the impact of fluctuating dollar value on gold price and gold price in Euro currency. I have googled a lot but cannot find a definitive explanation.
I read on the Bretton Woods system (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bretton_Woods_system) and the Nixon shock (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nixon_shock), and learned that the price of an ounce of gold is no longer a fixed dollar value but is still expressed in dollars.
Below are theoretical examples. For the sake of simplicity, let's say supply & demand, production cost, .. stay the same. Logically, I would think that:
Gold has a certain value as a commodity. It can be expressed in any currency (but the main one is USD). If you want to get the value in another currency, apply the X parameter in the formula "currency * X = USD" to the USD gold price.
Example: 1 dollar = 1 gold. 1 dollar = 2 euro -> 1 gold = 2 euro

Dollar goes up

If dollar goes up, gold price in USD goes down directly proportional (remember, for simplicity supply & demand stay the same): you need less dollars to buy the same amount of gold. The gold value stays the same in other currencies. Example:
first:
1 dollar = 1 gold
1 dollar = 1 euro
1 euro = 1 gold
then dollar goes up
1 dollar = 2 gold
1 dollar = 2 euro
but still: 1 euro = 1 gold
=> the dollar going up does not make gold more expensive in other currencies. (This will however lead to less demand, thus lowering gold price. But that is an indirect cause and not the point of this post)

Gold goes up

If gold price goes up, you need more dollaeuro/.. to buy the same gold.
first:
1 dollar = 1 gold
1 dollar = 1 euro
1 euro = 1 gold
then gold goes up
2 dollar = 1 gold
1 dollar = 1 euro
2 euro = 1 gold
=> gold price going up makes it more expensive in all currencies

Other theories

I read that the dollar going up (or down), influences the gold price directly, but I can't wrap my head around it. Hence this post.
first:
1 dollar = 1 gold
1 dollar = 1 euro
1 euro = 1 gold
then dollar goes down
1 dollar = 2 euro
but: 1 dollar = 1 gold (gold price drops with the drop in dollar)
therefore
1 gold = 0,5 euro
this will lead to a higher demand as gold has now diminished in value along with dollar. The higher demand will eventually lead to a higher gold price, but that is an indirect effect. Everyone in Europe who held gold has gotten poorer because gold holds less value now, as its value is expressed in USD (which went down).

The question

Which of the above theses are correct? I know it's simplified, I would just like to understand the impact of the dollar fluctuations on the gold price.
submitted by rp_nc to Gold [link] [comments]

The Top Three Important Emotions in Trading Psychology

The Top Three Important Emotions in Trading Psychology
Image source: Twitter
Generally, the main aim of starting a business is to make money. However this is not always the case, sometimes you make some money, sometimes you lose some. Business ventures like forex trading are much more volatile than others. In forex trading, it is much easier to make than to lose money. Whether you make or lose money is determined by something called forex trading psychology.
Forex trading psychology can be described as the art of successful forex trading that is concerned with how a trader perceives, interprets and acts on events in the forex market. Simply put, it is the art of learning to manage ones' emotions in such a way that they work to your advantage rather than working against you. Whether you make or lose money entirely depends on how well you can handle your emotions. The forex market is wholly driven and determined by human emotions and thus mastering them will put you in a better position to succeed.
Just like the definition of genius which is said to be 99% hard work and 1% luck, business ventures require more of the right attitude and specific mindset. This means that to succeed in any business, you first need to set your mind right even before you can actually indulge in the venture. Trading psychology is about finding the right mindset needed to make money by combining your emotions, their interpretations, actions based on these interpretations, tips, tricks and many other techniques.

Fear

Fear is defined as an emotional response triggered by the presence of a perceived threat. Fear is often perceived as an emotion for the weak at heart but it is not. All humans have at least one item or phenomenon that they fear. In forex trading how you handle fear can make the difference between making a few hundred thousand dollars in a few minutes and losing the same in a blink of an eye.
It all depends on you mastery of handling fear by carefully recognizing the risks involved, evaluating them and making decisions based on your analysis. In forex trading, many traders hesitate to trade due to the fear of failure which is most likely brought upon by failures in other aspects of their life or failures they may have experienced in the same market.
Fear will stop many people from trading or cause them to make wrong or misinformed decisions if they can get past the fear of trying. The fear of losing is also very common among forex traders but if you want to make some money, you need to take risks which may result in either a profit or a loss.
Forex trading is also prone to the fear of making mistakes. This will make most people hesitant but a good entrepreneur knows that he needs to learn from his or her mistakes and even those of other people. However, it should be noted that making the same mistakes over and over again is considered foolish. Forex trading psychology is aimed at enabling the trader to take more risks by getting over the fear of committing their hard-earned cash into these investments.

Hope

Hope is an emotion that manifests itself as a feeling that promotes the occurrence of a positive outcome of an action that one has taken. In forex trading, everyone is hoping to make some money and not to lose any. Just like any other business venture, forex trading is a game of probability at best -which means that you can either make or lose money. Depending on how you handle this emotion, it can lead to successful trading or to massive losses.
One can incur massive losses in the event that he stays at a position for too long in the hope that things will change for the better or that he can make even more money from the situation and end up losing everything. On the other hand, one can make a fortune when your hope of making more money materializes. Thus, forex trading psychology demands that you are able to make hope to work to your advantage. While it is essential for one to hope for the best, it is also essential that one prepares for the worst.

Greed

Humans will rarely be satisfied with what they have. There is always that burning desire to get more. At times, this desire may be controllable but can easily get out of control and develop to what we call greed. Greed is a burning desire to possess items or to reap massive gain from a venture. In forex trading, greed will most likely ruin your investment.
Returns on forex trading rarely go above 50% of your initial investment. However, due to greed, investors will be frequently tempted into doubling or even tripling their returns. Though this may seem as a good idea, it rarely is. Often, traders will go in very heavy and trade much larger and take more risks in an attempt to make more money. More often than not, this greed-driven endeavors will backfire in your face.
Thus, forex trading psychology requires that one maintains a fine balance between the urge to make more money on your investment and greed. These two should be carefully differentiated as the former often produces the desired results while the former will most likely result in massive losses. It is therefore essential that one knows when and how to make the right move in forex trading; preferably one that is not driven by greed.
submitted by techlikeme to u/techlikeme [link] [comments]

THE LION KING ARRIVING

THE LION KING ARRIVING
The Lion King is a 2019 American photorealistic computer-animated musical drama film directed and produced by Jon Favreau, with a screenplay written by Jeff Nathanson, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It's a photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's traditionally animated 1994 film of the same name. The movie stars the voices of Donald Glover, Seth Rogen, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Alfre Woodard, Billy Eichner, John Kani, John Oliver and Beyoncé Knowles-Carter, in addition to James Earl Jones reprising his authentic position as Mufasa.

https://preview.redd.it/egn6js7pgga31.jpg?width=2000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=95de0dc3a49272a75fa9a52df48f44cb714191ff
Plans for a remake of The Lion King have been confirmed in September 2016 following the success of the studio's The Jungle Book, additionally directed by Favreau. A lot of the principle forged signed in early 2017 and principal production started in mid-2017 on a blue screen stage in Los Angeles.
The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019. It obtained blended evaluations, with the reward for its visible results and vocal performances, whereas receiving criticism for being extremely spinoff of the unique and the dearth of emoting within the animated lion characters relative to the unique.
Disney’s upcoming movie journeys to the African savanna the place a future king is born. Simba idolizes his father, King Mufasa, and takes to coronary heart his personal royal future. However, not everybody within the kingdom celebrates the brand new cub’s arrival. Scar, Mufasa’s brother—and former inheritor to the throne—has plans of his personal. The battle for Satisfaction Rock is ravaged with betrayal, tragedy and drama, finally leading to Simba’s exile. With an assist from a curious pair of newfound pals, Simba must determine to find out how to develop up and take again what's rightfully his.
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✪✪✪✪✪ FOREX IN WORLD ✪✪✪✪✪

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Voice forged

Foremost article: List of The Lion King characters
  • Donald Glover as Simba: A lion who's the crown prince of the Satisfaction Lands. Glover mentioned that the movie will focus extra on Simba's time rising up than the unique movie did, stating that "[Favreau] was very eager in ensuring we noticed [Simba's] transition from boy to man and the way laborious that maybe when there's been a deep trauma".[5]
    • JD McCrary as younger Simba.

https://preview.redd.it/55z18xhsgga31.jpg?width=480&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ef79d959d87a86c000d24b50539e631a9ea47956
  • Seth Rogen as Pumbaa: A slow-witted common warthog who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling. Rogen mentioned, "[a]s an actor, I [...] do not suppose I am proper for each position — there are numerous roles I do not suppose I am proper for even in motion pictures I am making — however, Pumbaa was one I knew I may do properly".[6]
  • Chiwetel Ejiofor as Scar: The treacherous brother of Mufasa and the uncle of Simba who seeks to take the mantle of king of the Satisfaction Lands. Ejiofor described Scar as extra "psychologically possessed" and "brutalized" than within the authentic movie.[6] Ejiofor mentioned that "particularly with Scar, whether or not it is a vocal high quality that permits for a sure confidence or a sure aggression, to at all times know that on the finish of it you are enjoying someone who has the capability to show everything on its head in a break up second with outrageous acts of violence – that may fully change the temperature of a scene".[6] Ejiofor additionally mentioned that "[Scar and Mufasa's] relationship is totally destroyed and brutalized by Scar's mindset. He is possessed with this illness of his personal ego and his personal need".[5] Favreau mentioned of casting Ejiofor, "[He] is only an incredible actor, who brings us a little bit of the mid-Atlantic cadence and a brand new tackle the character. He brings that feeling of a Shakespearean villain to bear due to his background as an actor. It is great when you have got someone as skilled and seasoned as Chiwetel; he simply breathes such great life into this character.

https://preview.redd.it/xik5ye7vgga31.png?width=756&format=png&auto=webp&s=ed6380f8ce8070d9de0b3e7190758b14152bc36b
  • Alfre Woodard as Sarabi: The Queen of the Satisfaction Lands, Mufasa's mate, and Simba's mom.
  • Billy Eichner as Timon: A wise-cracking meerkat who befriends and adopts a younger Simba after he runs away from dwelling.
  • John Kani as Rafiki: A smart mandrill who serves because of the shaman of the Satisfaction Lands and an in-depth buddy of Mufasa's.[7] Likening his position to that of a grandfather, Kani mentioned, "Rafiki reminds all of us of that particular smart relative. His knowledge, humour and his loyalty to the Mufasa dynasty is what warms our hearts in direction of him. [He's] at all times blissful and wisecracking jokes as classes of life and survival.
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✪✪✪✪✪ FOREX IN WORLD ✪✪✪✪✪

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  • John Oliver as Zazu: A red-billed hornbill who's the majordomo to the King of the Satisfaction Lands. Talking of his position, Oliver mentioned, "I believe Zazu is mainly a fowl who likes construction. He simply desires issues to be as they need to be. I believe there are British echoes there as a result of we are inclined to favour construction in lieu of getting an emotional response to something."[1]
  • Beyoncé Knowles-Carter as Nala: Simba's childhood greatest buddy and future love curiosity. In accordance with Favreau, the character has a much bigger position than within the authentic movie.[8]Favreau felt that "a part of [Beyoncé joining the film] is that she's bought younger children, a part of it's that it is a story that feels good for this part of her life and her profession, and he or she actually likes the unique very a lot. After which, after all, there are these great musical numbers that she could be concerned with, and my God... she actually lives as much as her fame so far as the fantastic thing about her voice and expertise".

https://preview.redd.it/whc87s3fhga31.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=01346be25f62e54b16b9a395a733e98dd4af4a48
  • Shahadi Wright Joseph as younger Nala. Joseph reprises her position from the Broadway production.[10] Joseph selected to work on the movie as a result of "Nala conjures up little ladies [...] She's an excellent position mannequin".
  • James Earl Jones as Mufasa: The King of the Satisfaction Lands and the daddy of Simba. Jones reprises his position from the unique 1994 animated movie. In accordance with Favreau, Jones' strains stay principally the identical from the unique movie.[6] Ejiofor mentioned that "the consolation of [Jones reprising his role] goes to be very rewarding in taking [the audience] on this journey once more. It is a once-in-a-generation vocal high quality". Favreau noticed Jones' return as "carrying the legacy throughout" the unique movie and the remake, and felt that his voice's change in tonality in comparison with the unique movie "served the position properly as a result of he feels like a king who's nominated for a very long time".
Florence Kasumba, Keegan-Michael Key, and Eric Andre voice Shenzi, Kamari, and Azizi, three spotted hyenas who're Scar's henchmen. Whereas Shenzi is a personality that was featured within the authentic 1994 animated movie, Kamari and Azizi are the respective renames of Banzai and Ed from the unique movie. The hyenas' characterizations have been closely altered from the unique movie's, as Favreau felt that they "needed to change so much" to suit the remake's reasonable fashion, stating that "[a] lot of the stuff around them [in the original film] was very stylised".[13]Kasumba elaborated, declaring that "These hyenas have been humorous. These hyenas are harmful.
Moreover, Penny Johnson Jerald voices Sarafina, Nala's mom.[1] Amy Sedaris, Chance the Rapper and Josh McCrary voice a guinea fowl, a bush baby, and an elephant shrew, respectively, Timon and Pumbaa's neighbours within the jungle.[1][14] Phil LaMarr voices an impala, whereas J. Lee voices a hyena.

Manufacturing

Growth

On September 28, 2016, Walt Disney Pictures confirmed that Jon Favreau can be directing a remake of the 1994 animated movie The Lion King, which might characteristic the songs from the 1994 movie, following a string of latest field workplace successes on the opposite Disney live-action remake movies comparable to Maleficent), Cinderella), Favreau's The Jungle Book) and Beauty and the Beast), with the latter three additionally incomes important reward.[15]#citenote-15) On October 13, 2016, it was reported that Disney had employed Jeff Nathanson to write down the screenplay for the remake,[[16]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-16) with the story written by Brenda Chapman, who was the unique movie's head of story.[[17]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-LionKingEverythingKnow-17)
In November, speaking with ComingSoon.net, Favreau mentioned the digital cinematography expertise he utilized in The Jungle Ebook can be used to a larger diploma in The Lion King.[18]#citenote-18) Though the media reported The Lion King to be a live-action movie, it really makes use of photorealistic computer-generated animation. Disney additionally didn't describe it as live-action, solely stating it could comply with the "technologically groundbreaking" strategy of The Jungle Ebook.[[19]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-19) Whereas the movie acts as a remake of the 1994 animated movie, Favreau was impressed by the Broadway adaptation) of the movie for certain points of the remake's plot, notably Nala and Sarabi's roles.[[20]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-20) Favreau additionally aimed to develop his personal tackle the unique movie's story with what he mentioned was "the spectacle of a BBC wildlife documentary".[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)
This serves as the ultimate credit score for movie editor Mark Livolsi, who died in September 2018.[22]#citenote-22) The movie is devoted to him.[[1]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-PressKit-1)

Casting

In mid-February 2017, Donald Glover was forged as Simba, with James Earl Jones reprising his position as Mufasa from the 1994 movie.[23]#citenote-23) In April 2017, Billy Eichner and Seth Rogen have been forged to play Timon and Pumbaa respectively.[[24]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-24) In July 2017, John Oliver was forged as Zazu.[[25]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-OliverCast-25) In August 2017, Alfre Woodard and John Kani have been introduced to play Sarabi and Rafiki), respectively.[[26]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-26)[[27]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-27)
Earlier in March 2017, it was introduced that Beyoncé was Favreau's best choice for the position of Nala) and that the director and studio can be keen to do no matter it took to accommodate her busy schedule.[28]#citenote-28) In a while November 1, 2017, her position was confirmed in an official announcement,[[29]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-29)[[30]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-30) which additionally confirmed that Chiwetel Ejiofor would play the position of Scar), and introduced that Eric Andre, Florence Kasumba, and Keegan-Michael Key would be the voices of Azizi, Shenzi and Kamari whereas JD McCrary and Shahadi Wright Joseph would be the voices of younger Simba and younger Nala, respectively.[[31]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-31)[[32]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-32)[[33]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-33)[[34]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-34)[[35]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-35) In November 2018, Amy Sedaris was introduced as having been forged in a task created for the movie.[[36]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-36)

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Visible results

The Moving Picture Company, the lead vendor on The Jungle Ebook, will present the visible results and so they'll be supervised by Robert Legato, Elliot Newman and Adam Valdez.[37]#citenote-37) The movie will make the most of "virtual-reality instruments", per Visible Results Supervisor Rob Legato.[[38]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-LionKingD23-38) Digital Manufacturing Supervisor Girish Balakrishnan mentioned on his skilled web site that the filmmakers used motion capture and VR/applied sciences,[[39]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-:1-39) with the manufacturing crew combining VR expertise with cameras so as to movie the remake in a VR-simulated environment.[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21) Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, referred to as the movie's visible results "a brand new type of filmmaking", and felt that "Historic definitions do not work", stating that "[it] makes use of some methods that will historically be referred to as animation, and different methods that will historically be referred to as live-action. It's an evolution of the expertise Jon [Favreau] utilized in Jungle Ebook".
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Music

Foremost article: The Lion King (2019 soundtrack))
Hans Zimmer, who composed the 1994 animated model, would return to compose the rating for the remake.[41]#citenote-41) Elton John additionally returned to transform his musical compositions from the unique movie earlier than his retirement,[[42]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-42) with Beyoncé aiding John within the remodelling of the soundtrack.[[43]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-43) John, the unique movie's lyricist, Tim Rice, and Beyoncé additionally created a brand new track for the movie,[[44]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-44) titled "Spirit)" and carried out by Beyoncé, which was launched on July 9, 2019, because of the lead single from the soundtrack.[[45]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TheGift-45) John and Rice additionally wrote a brand new track for the movie's finish credit, titled "By no means Too Late" and carried out by John.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46) The movie additionally options all of the songs from the unique movie, a canopy of The Token's "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and the track "He Lives in You" from Rhythm of the Satisfaction Lands and the Broadway manufacturing.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)The soundtrack, that includes Zimmer's rating and John and Rice's songs, was launched digitally on July 11, 2019, and will likely be bodily on July 19, 2019.[[46]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)
Beyoncé additionally produced and curated an album titled The Lion King: The Gift, which can characteristic "Spirit", in addition to songs impressed by the movie. The album is about to be launched on July 19, 2019.[45]#cite_note-TheGift-45)

Advertising

The primary teaser trailer and the official teaser poster for The Lion King debuted throughout the annual Dallas Cowboys' Thanksgiving day came on November 22, 2018.[47]#citenote-EWTeaser-47)[[48]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-VarietyTeaser-48) The trailer was seen 224.6 million occasions in its first 24 hours, turning into the then 2nd most viewed trailer in that time period.[[49]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TrailerViews-49) A particular sneak peek that includes John Kani's voice as Rafiki) and a brand new poster have been launched in the course of the 91st Academy Awards on February 24, 2019.[[50]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-50) On April 10, 2019, Disney launched the official trailer that includes new footage which revealed Scar), Zazu, Simba and Nala) (each as cubs and as adults), Sarabi, Rafiki), Timon and Pumbaa and the hyenas.[[51]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-51) The trailer was seen 174 million occasions in its first 24 hours, which was revealed on Disney's Investor Day 2019 Webcast.[[52]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-52) On Could 30, 2019, 11 particular person character posters have been launched.[[53]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-53) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé, Billy Eichner, and Seth Rogen's voices as Nala), Timon, and Puma respectively, was launched on June 3, 2019.[[54]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-54) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé and Donald Glover's voices as Simba and Nana singing) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" and in addition that includes James Earl Jones' voice as Mufasa, was launched on June 20, 2019.[[55]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-55) On July 2, 2019, Disney launched an intensive behind-the-scenes featurette detailing the varied points of the movie's manufacturing together with seven publicity stills that include the voice actors going through their animal counterparts.[[56]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-56)

Shot-for-shot declare

The trailers of the movie led to a declaration of its being a shot-for-shot remake of Disney's 1994 movie. On December 23, 2018, Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, mentioned that whereas the movie will "revere and love these elements that the viewers desires", there will likely be "issues within the film which might be going to be new".[40]#citenote-ScreenRant-40) On April 18, 2019, Favreau acknowledged that "some photographs within the 1994 animated movie are so iconic" he could not presumably change them, however "regardless of what the trailers counsel, this movie isn't just the identical film over once more",[[57]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-57) and later mentioned "it is for much longer than the unique movie. And a part of what we're doing right here is to (give it extra dimension) not simply visually however each story smart and emotionally."[[58]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-58) On Could 30, 2019, Favreau mentioned that a number of the humour and characterizations are being altered to be extra according to the remainder of the movie,[[59]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-59) and this remake is making some adjustments in sure scenes from the unique movie, in addition to in its construction.[[21]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)On June 14, 2019, Favreau mentioned that, whereas the unique movie's fundamental plot factors will stay unchanged within the remake, the movie will largely diverge from the unique model, and hinted that the Elephant Graveyard, the hyenas' lair within the authentic movie, will likely be changed by a brand new location.[[13]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-DirectorHyenas-13) On July 5, 2019, the movie was revealed to have a 118 minutes period, making it roughly 30 minutes longer than the unique movie.[[60]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-60)

Launch

The Lion King premiered in Hollywood on July 9, 2019.[61]#citenote-61) The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019.[[62]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-62) It will likely be one of many first theatrical movies to be launched on Disney+, alongside Aladdin), Toy Story 4, Frozen 2, Captain Marvel), and Avengers: Endgame.[[63]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-63)
The movie started its worldwide rollout per week earlier than its home launch, beginning with July 12 in China.[64]#cite_note-ChinaPreview-64)

Reception

Field workplace

Starting on June 24, 2019 (which marked the 25th anniversary of the discharge of the unique movie), in its first 24 hours of pre-sales, The Lion King grew to become the second-best pre-seller of 2019 on Fandango) in that body (behind Avengers: Endgame), whereas Atom Tickets reported it gave their best-ever first-day gross sales for a household movie.[65]#citenote-Presales_record-65) Three weeks previous to its launch, business monitoring projected the movie would gross $150–170 million in its home opening weekend.[[66]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-66)[[67]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-67)
In China, the place it launched per week previous to the U.S., the movie was projected to debut to $50–60 million.[64]#citenote-ChinaPreview-64) It ended up opening to $54.7 million, beating the debuts of The Jungle Ebook and Magnificence and the Beast.[[68]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-68)

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Vital response

On review aggregator web site Rotten Tomatoes, the movie holds an approval ranking of 59% based mostly on 123 evaluations, and an average rating of 6.45/10. The web site's important consensus reads, "Although it may take satisfaction in its visible achievements, this reimagined The Lion King is a by the numbers retelling that lacks the power and coronary heart that made the unique so beloved – although for some followers that will simply be sufficient."[69]#citenote-69) Metacritic gave the movie a weighted common rating of 57 out of 100 based mostly on 38 critics, indicating "blended or common evaluations".[[70]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-70)
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Kenneth Turan on the Los Angeles Times referred to like the movie "polished, satisfying leisure."[71]#citenote-71) Todd McCarthy at The Hollywood Reporter thought-about it to be inferior to the unique, noting, "The movie's aesthetic warning and predictability start to put on down on your entire enterprise within the second half."[[72]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-72) At The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw discovered the movie "watchable and pleasing. However, I missed the simplicity and vividness of the unique hand-drawn pictures."[[73]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-73)
A. A. Dowd, writing for The A.V. Club, summarized the movie as "Joyless, artless, and perhaps soulless, it transforms some of the putting titles from the Mouse Home vault into a really costly, star-studded Disneynature movie." Dowd bemoaned the movie's insistence on realism, commenting, "We're watching a hole bastardization of a blockbuster, without delay fully reliant on the viewers' pre-established affection for its predecessor and unusually decided to jettison a lot of what made it particular."[74]#citenote-74) Scott Mendelson at Forces condemned the movie as a "crushing disappointment": "At nearly each flip, this redo undercuts its personal melodrama by downplaying its personal feelings."[[75]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-75) David Ehrlich of IndieWire panned the movie, writing, "Unfolding just like the world's longest and least convincing deep fake, Jon Favreau's (nearly) photorealistic remake of The Lion King is supposed to characterize the following step in Disney's circle of life. As an alternative, this soulless chimera of a movie comes off as little greater than a glorified tech demo from a grasping conglomerate — a well-rendered however creatively bankrupt self-portrait of a film studio consuming its personal tail."[[76]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-76)
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Hedging - Good, Bad, the Dirty

Communication is all about clarity. We communicate some piece of information, the recipient gets it. Straightforward on the face of it. Speaking about trading will typically be succinct, focused, and very clear when complete.
The ‘audience’ has as many expectations as the speaker though: one should know the context and purpose of the information they are getting to a specific discourse.
I occasionally drop into jargon or analogy. It’s a personal weakness: I assume the audience will have the appropriate context of the situation, and knowledge of the context. It’s also a habit. I was on a recorded line for a decade, and use as few a words as possible in a business situation.
My writing, not so much.
I’ve hesitated to talk much about trading, because of ‘it’. I’ve seen ‘it’ far too often…..’it’ being people using language and jargon of trading without really knowing what they are talking about.
A great example of this is around options. People can pick up the definitions, the verbiage, the ‘lingua franca’ as it were.
Problem is, they have no clue what they are talking about in the whole.
Sure, definitions are known and expounded upon. But the context/situation remains in the abstract to them. Or what they are talking about doesn’t sync with the nature and purpose of the exposure they are taking on. Like talking about that cool new skateboard you’re riding as you're sitting on a bicycle.
This isn’t conceit or hubris - it’s only what I’ve observed. Hence the backstory above.
Speaking with u/modo85 and u/TheJosh last week plugged me in again to professionals face to face, and a recent post about Constellation by a sub got me thinking about trade again. So….I’m going to tackle the most misunderstood word in trade: hedging.
I was taught in business school that a hedge is a ‘risk neutral activity’.
One can find definitions for hedging in many places, and for the most part, they’ll align. What won’t is the people using the term.
Dynegy, Enron, and other companies took on ‘hedging programs’ that were often positions of leverage. Even the word ‘hedge fund’ is a relative misnomer. Looking at some of the bomb craters left behind by a couple of them....they were either simply a ponzi or flavours of insider trading. They weren’t hedging, they were stealing.
So, what’s a hedge?
A risk neutral activity that reduces aggregate risk to a primary exposure.
A Canadian company buying a greenhouse from an American supplier in 4 easy payments over the next 2 years? Great. You’ll have to pay in USD, so, buy forwards in 6 month increments, pay CAD at the time they come due, your forex exposure is gone, and the total cost is known in advance.
The USD/CAD rate might move for or against you during that time.
But that’s the point of a hedge: replace risk with certainty.
A while ago, Westjet bought a strip of jet fuel futures, taking out physical price exposure for (a very long) 2 years. While not unheard of, it’s a pretty big move. If jet fuel prices tank, they get to eat the difference. As it happened, jet fuel prices soared, Westjet bought physical with cash and offset the futures gains against it. They enjoyed a 2 year window of serious operational cost advantage, and their share price accretion showed it.
Prescient....or lucky? That’s what business books are written about.
This example might have prompted you to think about another industry where energy is the single largest direct input cost behind headcount (hint: it's cannabis)
Constellation’s entry through the CGC buy is another example of a hedge to myself. Different nature and purpose, but a hedge nonetheless.
In my eyes, STZ sells booze. Weed will impact aggregate sales of booze, with potential to reduce it.
STZ’s buy into the industry is a hedge is to replace dislodged revenue from booze by dope: cannabis exposure will replace these lost revenues, keeping STZ whole.
A hedging program is part of a larger initiative, and plugged directly into the strategic course of the business. It has topline impact.
If you’ve noticed - the Westjet and STZ examples above are for far different underlying purposes - but they are both simply hedges.
Hedging for the retail investor might entail seeking exposure to different provinces, or different links of the value chain, or perhaps within wholesale or retail price exposures.
With hedging, you are seeking to reduce, not enhance, existing exposure.
The other takeaway is (and there is one in here): don’t use terminology and trade terms unless you know exactly what you are talking about, or what the underlying purpose of using it is. It doesn’t matter what someone notices or thinks: any professional can tell pretty quickly if someone knows what they are talking about.
What really matters is that you know what you are actually doing when you take on risk of loss to your capital.
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【翻译Quora上一篇问答】中国是否正在面临一次银行危机(谈到房地产) by phoebeDD on 2016-10-04

Is China really facing a banking crisis? What are its origins?
(中国是否正在面对一次银行危机?其根源又是什么?)



According to a recent article titled China facing full-blown banking crisis, world's top financial watchdog war
ns published in the Telegraph:
(根据近期电讯文章报道:“世界顶级金融观察者发出警告:中国正在面临全面的银行危机”)
China has failed to curb excesses in its credit system and faces mounting risks of a full-blown banking crisis
(中国已对债务违约失去控制,他们正在面对随之而来的全面性银行危机)
(中国债务/GDP 占比图)


Financial Crises

International Economics

The Economy

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Robin Daverman, Dealmaker
Written Sep 27


Ah, but maybe you want to look around a bit and see how China’s total debt is compared with other economies, like this?
(你可能想看看其他经济体与中国的债务情况相比是怎么样的,如下图)

(G10债务分布图)
If you put China’s data on this chart, it will be somewhere around Canada and New Zealand. Guess Which Country Has Debt Of Nearly 1000% Of GDP... Shocking, isn’t it?
如果你将中国的数据插入上图进行比较的话,中国的数据大约会在加拿大和新西兰之间。猜猜看哪个国家债务大约是自己GDP的10倍....(英国)非常震惊吧
UK has almost 1000% Debt-to-GDP ratio, compared with China’s < 300% Debt-to-GDP ratio, mostly because of that over-sized financial debt - at the end of the day, the government must stand behind it. On top of that, the UK has no resource to sell, hardly any industry left, going through a divorce with EU, and almost never ever meets her fiscal targets. And yet, UK, with its near 1000% debt-to-GDP ratio, is still viewed as the gold standard among safe havens. PRESENTING: The Rosetta Stone Of The Entire Sovereign Debt Crisis Why? Because UK issues debt in her own currency. And who prints the pound? The UK government.
英国的债务/GDP占比将近1000%而中国只是小于300%,其原因是其过于庞大的金融债务——政府最终将不得不为之站台。在此之上,英国没用可出售的资源,没有任何本国工业,正在脱离欧盟,而且英国基本上从来没有达成其财务目标。即使如此,英国仍然被某些传媒视为安全经济体的黄金标准。其原因就是英债都以英镑的方式结算。那么是谁印英镑的呢?英国政府。
Then you take a look at Japan, wow that’s 600%+ debt-to-GDP ratio! But - Japan’s debt is not only mostly internal, in Japanese Yen, but also with 0% or even negative interest. You can roll this kind of debt over practically forever. That’s why people have been yelling about Japanese debt for the last 20 years, and nothing happens.
然后你看看日本,将近600%的债务/GDP占比!但是,日本的债务几乎都是内部的,以日元的形式出售的债务,而且日本是0利率甚至是负利率。实际上这种债务你可以无限积累下去(经济常识:如果是负利率,政府只要保持债务不变,多出来的部分会自行消失)。这就是为啥人们对日债担心了20年但屁事没有发生。
Then you take a look at those economies that have blown up on debt:
Argentina: Government/Sovereign debt in USD, with jurisdiction in New York!Greece: Government/Sovereign debt in Euro, with jurisdiction in Brussels!Iceland: External financial debt → nationalized into Government/Sovereign debt in USD and Euro alone was 700%+ GDP in 2008, with jurisdiction in New York and Brussels.
然后你看看那些因债务问题毁掉的经济体:
阿根廷:政府/主权债务以美元形式结算,其裁判权在纽约!希腊:政府/主权债务以欧元方式结算,其裁判权在布鲁塞尔!冰岛:外部金融债务→债务国有化后2008年政府/主权债务以美元和欧元的形式达到GDP的700%,其裁判权在纽约和布鲁塞尔
Then you look at China, with her debt almost entirely internal, in Chinese RMB to Chinese citizens, government debt at 55%, lower than the US, Japan, and EU average, in her own currency. China’s external debt is about 9% of GDP, globally ranked 184th (less than North Korea, similar to Kosovo) - anyway you look at it, it’s hardly the kind of material to make a banking crisis. China is borrowing a little bit from her own piggy bank. Argentina/Greece/Iceland were borrowing a lot from the Mafia.
然后你看看中国,中国的债务基本都是内部以人民币结算的。中国政府债务只占总债务的55%,比美国,日本和欧盟都要低,再次强调,其债务以人民币结算。中国外部债务只占GDP的9%,全球排行184位(比朝鲜低,比科索沃高)。无论怎么看,你都不会看到中国有任何银行危机的迹象。中国只是向其国内贪心的银行借钱。阿根廷/希腊/冰岛可是像美国欧盟这些黑手党借钱。
PS: The most significant increase in China’s debt is in the financial sector, driven by rising real estate price (which means higher value of housing loans). Right now, the Chinese government is basically using it as a tool to do macro-economic engineering. The goal is to cap urban growth in top tier cities (Beijing, Shanghai, etc.) and push the economic growth to second- and third- tier cities (Hangzhou, the city that just hosted G20, is an example.http://www.g20.org/English/Hangzhou/About/index.html Now you can look back and see why the Chinese government decided to host G20 in a city nobody has ever heard of). This is clearly stated by the Chinese government like 100 times since last year in the official news channels. The reason? Top tier Chinese cities like Shanghai (25 million) already have more city residents than the whole nation of Australia! The metropolitan area of Shanghai (44 million) has more people than the entire population of Canada! In one city! Beijing’s population grew by 8 million within the last decade! The place is simply full.List of cities in China by population and built-up area
PS: 中国最显著的债务增长是在其金融领域内不断升高的房价造成的(不断增高的房贷造成债务问题)。现在中国政府正在利用房价作为宏观经济调控的工具。其目的是限制一线城市的城市化进程和加速二三线城市的发展(刚刚举办了G20的杭州就是个例子,现在你就能知道为啥中国政府将G20放在一个没人听说过的城市举行了)。这些政策中国政府已经在官媒上宣布了无数次。原因就是一线城市,例如上海(2500万人口),其居民数量比阿根廷全国人口还要多!上海都市圈(4400万人口)的人口数量比加拿大全国还要多!北京人口数量在过去的10年内增长了800万!这些城市的人口数量已经饱和了。
In addition to real estate prices, the Chinese government is also doing stuff like restricting residents permits, disallowing second or third homes, even restricting jobs to local residents, everything to say “this place is full. We have these other nice choices, with lower housing prices. Go there.” Young people complaining about housing prices in tier-one cities? But that’s the whole point. The debt you have to take on to live in tier-one cities SHOULD SCARE YOU OFF. The Chinese government is trying to stop the influx of people pouring into tier-one cities, and get these smart and energetic youths to go build two, three, four, five. … more Shanghai’s in other parts of China. 1.4 billion people can’t all fit into tier-one cities.
除了以房地产为手段,中国政府也加强控制了居住证的发放,禁止第二/三套房买入甚至对本地居民的工作种类进行限制,这些都是为了表达一个意思:这些地方都人满为患了。二三线城市有更低的房价和更好的生活条件,快点去那里吧!年轻人都在抱怨一线城市的高房价?但这就是中国政府想要的。你在一线城市生存需要的代价会把你吓退。中国政府正在尝试控制一线城市的人口流入而让有技术和充满活力的年轻人去建设二三四五线城市——让更多的上海出现在国家的其他地方。14亿人口是没可能全部都聚集在一线城市的。
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Paul Denlinger, Involved in China economics study
Written Sep 27


There is too much debt, and a lot of it is likely to turn into bad debt, but that does not equal a banking crisis.
是因为中国贷款太多了,而这些贷款大多数会变成不良贷款,但这些都不等银行危机
Banking crisis may be a nice term to bandy around and get clicks and headlines, but does not really explain what is going on.
银行危机或许是一个十分吸引眼球的头条,但是根本就不能解释实际的情况
There was a lot of debt financing, especially after the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis in the US. In order to keep the economy on a steady keel, the Chinese government, through its banks, pumped money to Chinese state-owned enterprises, in order to keep high employment and maintain an image of “growth”. A lot of this money then found its way into the underground banking system through “wealth management products” and other means. A lot of this has turned into bad debt.
中国政府有过很多次债务融资,特别是08年美国次贷危机之后。为了稳住经济增长,中国政府通过银行将大量人民币注入到国企内以维持就业率和高增长的形象。但这些钱最终大都以理财产品和其他形式流进了地下钱庄。这些大部分都变成了不良贷款。
Another problem area, which frequently overlaps with the “wealth management products” is the local government financing vehicle used to fund local property development, which I have discussed here: Paul Denlinger's answer to Why does China have so many ghost towns?
另一个有问题的领域,和“理财产品”有莫大关联的,就是地方政府为当地基础建设所采用的金融工具(我在这个地方有详细的分析:https://www.quora.com/Why-does-China-have-so-many-ghost-towns/answePaul-Denlinger?srid=tR&share=22b99cfc
What is likely to happen in China is that growth will slow down in some areas, while there will be certain newer parts of the economy which will continue to grow. If the Chinese government is able to support the newer parts of the economy and help them to grow, while cutting back on loans to the weaker parts of the economy, it may be able to handle this transition better.
最可能发生的情况就是中国的经济增长将会放缓,但是肯定会用新的增站点。如果中国政府能支持新的增长点而且能减低夕阳工业的不良贷款率,那么或许能更好地度过过渡期。
This is exactly what the Chinese government is trying to do and you can read about it here:Here is how China is going to quietly save its economy
这些正是中国政府正在尝试去做的,你可以读读这个文章了解一下:http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2022491/china-deploys-policy-banks-stealth-mission-stimulate-growth
So, if you are expecting there to be a dramatic run on the banks, and the Chinese people to take to the streets and overthrow the Chinese Communist Party, and become a full-blown democracy like Taiwan, Japan or South Korea, you are very likely to be disappointed.
所以,如果你是期待一次强烈的bank run(自行百度啥是bank run),然后中国人民上街推翻TG,中国大陆变成与台湾,日本韩国一样的政体,那么你要失望了。
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Nikhil Ambhorkar, Self studied Finance.
Written Sep 26


Is China facing a Banking crisis?
中国是在面临一个银行危机吗?
Yes.

Is it facing a full blown Banking crisis?
中国正在面临一个全面性的银行危机吗?
No.

Combined debt of China is almost 300% of its GDP. But the the categorized in 4 parts as it is shown in the image with the question too.
中国的总债务大概是GDP的300%。但是分在了如图所示的4个领域内。
The corporate debt has the lion's portion of the total debt. The household debt and non corporate debt are nothing to worry about because it is less many other developed countries and has some room to grow.
公司债务在总债务中占了大头。个人债务和非公司债务根本没啥可担心的因为这些比大多数发达国家还要低所以还有增长的空间。
Government Debt is not too big when compared to standards set by many global institutions like IMF, World Bank, etc.
政府债务以多数国际组织,例如世行和IMF,设定得标准来看其实不高。
The only major concern which is of a serious magnitude is the corporate debt. This is also reiterated by many economists.
最主要的关注点就是公司债务了。许多经济学家都重申了这点无数次了。
Now the problem with China is that data that comes out of major Chinese institutions is murky so their are many different types of estimates by many different institutions but the common theme in it is corporate debt and its size.
中国最大的问题就是中国国内组织公布的数据来源不清晰所以不同的国际组织对中国经济的实际情况估算会不一样。但所有组织最关心的都是中国的公司债务与其规模。
Corporate debt consists of debt owned by state owned corporations and private corporations. Private corporations in China are generally crowded out by the state owned corporations because of connections and political agenda.
公司债务又分成了国企和私企的债务。中国私企大多数收到国企排挤,这是有政体造成的。
Many state owned corporations have invested into unproductive projects as a result of excess boost given by government after 2008 to prop up the economy. This has resulted in a huge amount of NPAs. So, in all the major problem is state owned corporations piling up huge amount of debt. To solve this problem, the government tried to convert the debt into shares which the bank owns and can recover money through profit dividends but this was one of the causes for last year's stock market crash.
在08年过度的经济刺激政策下,很多国企在许多无效益项目上投了许多钱。这造成了大量的无效能资产。所以,最大的问题是国企堆积了大量债务。为了解决这个问题,政府正在尝试将国企的债务转化为股份,那么银行就能将债务转化为红利而最终将债务收回了。但这造成了上年的股灾.....
Hence, it is a big crisis but not the one government cannot handle with so much trade surplus and forex reserves. But actions are definitely needed to stop it from growing into a bigger problem.
所以,这是一个危机但仍然是政府能控制的,毕竟中国政府有大量贸易顺差和外汇储备。但是仍然需要实际行动来防止事态的扩展。
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The Italian Referendum ELI5

SO
This weekend, Sunday Dec 4 is the "Italian Referendum", a much hyped vote being put to the Italian populace concerning a large amount of varied and confusing proposed changes to the laws and constitution of Italy. In the "news", this referendum has been pounded with as much drama as is needed to get clicks. Here at /Forex, we recognize that these drama generating tactics will obscure what is likely the reality, so we wanted to give you a heads up on what to expect.
The short version is that the current Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and his center-left Democratic Party are pushing a bill to amend the Italian Constitution to allow for more centralization of Government. The Italian Gov't is very decentralized, and has been so since WWII, a response to the conglomeration of power that Il Duce Mussolini sought for a strong, centralized, Fascist government. Beyond this, it gets confusing, muddy. Basically, there is a push to make the power shift from the provinces to the center in Rome. Mr Renzi has stated that these reforms are necessary for the well being of Italy, and that he will resign if they are not passed. If you want your eyes to glaze over read the wiki page.
Where "Italexit" comes in is here: Theoretically (modified thanks to information from Cmossensor and enivid)
However, leaving the EU is not as easy for the Italians as the media has made it out to be.
There is a great analysis here at Business Insider as to why; I'll quote the key parts:
Morgan Stanley staff members Daniele Antonucci and Phanikiran Naraparaju point to Article 75 of Italy's written constitution, which enshrines the fact that Italy cannot hold a referendum on anything related to international treaties: "A general referendum may be held to repeal, in whole or in part, a law or a measure having the force of law, when so requested by five hundred thousand voters or five Regional Councils. No referendum may be held on a law regulating taxes, the budget, amnesty or pardon, or a law ratifying an international treaty." Membership of both the European Union and the euro, are by definition international in nature, and as a result, for Italy to give its people a say on leaving either, the constitution would have to be changed. Obviously, that is no easy task and would require a strongly eurosceptic government with a serious will to leave the EU.
The bold is the key part. BI's analysis:
This is the chain of events Naraparaju and Antonucci think needs to happen for Italy to drop out of the EU (emphasis ours): "So, the bar for leaving is high and the chain of events much longer than, say, for the UK to leave the EU. In Italy, a Eurosceptic party would have to win an election with an absolute majority and then set in motion the exit process after having changed the constitution with a two-thirds majority in both chambers or 'just' an absolute majority followed by a referendum. As Eurozone membership is indissolubly linked to EU membership, leaving the EU would also automatically mean leaving the EMU."
The TL;DR: It's simple:
More feed back is appreciated from those of you who study this. But those of you wondering "which currency to buy" just don't - margin req's are going up (again...sigh) in the US for this weekend due to amateurs and silly gambling streaks.
submitted by El_Huachinango to Forex [link] [comments]

Technology companies based in Sydney

Maybe I'm missing some companies, but these are the ones I have in mind, I would love to hear about other ones:
Anything else that I've missed?
I think the focus these past few years seem to be more into the high frequency trading, fintech space, things like IMC, Optiver, et. al.
There is definitely some local technical development in many companies such as Google, Microsoft, Intel, Facebook, Linkedin, etc, but I'm more interested to know about technology companies that are based in Sydney, or Australia in general.
Edit: Added a few other companies
submitted by tinmun to sydney [link] [comments]

Does Game Theory feature in your trading or analysis?

Game theory is probably one of the few components of academic economics study that is applicable to both "fundamental" analysis, price action analysis and (in theory, at least) quantitative analysis.
Awareness of game theory can even be found in popular culture; A Beautiful Mind was a biographical depiction of John Nash, the creator of the Nash Equilibrium.
To borrow the wikipedia definition to explain its relevance: > Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers."
So, you can see how it could well have applications to international financial markets where there is both high degree of conflict (and indirect cooperation).
Here's a starting point discussing game theory and news releases: A Fundamental Game Theory Concept That Every Trader Should Understand
For those who want to learn more, I enjoyed this introductory video series: https://www.youtube.com/usegametheoryonline/playlists?sort=dd&view=50&shelf_id=1 It is academic, and mathematical, so if that's not your style, try this instead: http://www.cracked.com/blog/5-easy-ways-to-understand-game-theory-for-jerks/
Does anyone have any good resources for game theory application to forex, or ways in which it features in their own trading?
submitted by alotmorealots to Forex [link] [comments]

Tips for avoiding card fees and banking charges when traveling abroad long-term [x-post from /r/travel]

I’m leaving on January 1 for open-ended travels, and I thought it might be useful to unpack how I am planning to use credit cards, debit cards and cash to minimize fees and currency-exchange costs.
First, though, I should point out that I’m from the US and using US-based cards, so all the research I’ve done is from that perspective. And my first several destinations will definitely be in Europe, so I assume I’ll be able to use a credit card at most of the places I’ll go.
On past trips, I mostly tried to spend cash everywhere. I have a Chase checking account, and at the beginning of each week I was abroad, I would take out cash for 7 days from a local ATM, for which Chase would charge a flat $5 plus a fee for converting the cash. Most months, this worked out to about $25 in charges, and I just sort of wrote that off as a necessary expense.
This time, I want to be smarter about both avoiding fees and security — I was tempting fate by using a debit card exclusively for all these years. Here is my plan:
The Cards I’m Bringing On My Trip
First, I’m following the advice of Marcello Arrambide at Wandering Trader and setting up two accounts with my bank, still Chase. One has a debit card attached to it, and the other doesn’t. That way, I can easily control the amount of cash my debit card has access to.
Second, I’ll bring a Chase Sapphire Preferred credit card, which is what I’ll use for all of my non-cash payments. That card has no fees for foreign transactions, and that’s the main reason I got it.
Here are a few other American credit cards with no foreign transaction fees, courtesy of Nomadic Matt:
There are many more such cards, and it appears most people who qualify for a credit card in the US can find a decent card to use abroad.
Tips for Using Credit Cards
Circle or check the amount in the local currency before you sign. If your receipt shows the total in dollars only, ask that it be rung up again in the local currency.
Ideally, you would be able to put most of your spending on your no-transaction-fee credit card and pay that off each month. That would be the cheapest way to spend money abroad — but far too many places are cash-only for that to work.
So, you’ll likely have to eat a charge for taking out money. The trick is to strike a balance between going to the ATM only sporadically and not carrying around fat wads of cash.
Getting Cash
/travel pointed me toward the Charles Schwab High Yield Investor Checking Account as the best way to save on ATM fees when traveling. The Schwab debit card charges no currency conversion fees when withdrawing cash from an overseas ATM, and it will give you a rebate for any foreign ATM transaction fees.
After the Schwab card, the cheapest options for using an ATM are if your card is from a bank that’s a part of the Global ATM Alliance, and you’re withdrawing from an ATM that’s part of that alliance. Keeping ATM withdraws within this network mostly eliminates foreign ATM charges, though there are some exceptions.
Again, protox88 has some helpful advice: Alliance members might still charge a forex spread (the cost of exchanging currencies) of 2.5% on your withdrawal.
When withdrawing cash, it’s best to use an ATM inside of a bank rather than one on the street. I’ve had my debit card data stolen a couple of times by opting for convenient ATMs at a metro station (usually during a night out).
Exchanging Currencies
Currencies and forex used to make my eyes glaze over. After a few years of dealing with this stuff, I’ve learned a few things:
EDIT
A couple of other notes left over from memory and research:
submitted by rockproper to personalfinance [link] [comments]

DEMYSTYFYING CRYPTOCURRENCIES, BLOCKCHAIN & ICO IN SIMPLE ENGLISH – REFLECTIONS AND WAY FORWARD FOR 2018

DISCLAIMER: The authors of this article by no means are advocating, advising or persuading anyone to invest in Cryptocurrencies, ICOs or any other form of investment. Investments are subjected to market risks and you must do your own research before investing and seek financial advise and help from qualified personnel. Any businesses or companies quoted in this article have not paid us financially or through any other means for profit or gain. The authors also do not intent to challenge, disrespect or disobey any specific government, institution or personnel of authority including Banks, Financial regulators, governing bodies and laws of the land. All viewpoints in this article are our own and does not relate to any company, partner, employment or body that we are associated with in our day to day life.
THE HEADLINE: As we reflect upon on 2017, it is probably fair to make a bold statement that it has been a phenomenal leap forward for the trio of Blockchain, Cryptocurrency and the ICO. Here is why: • Bitcoin (the most popular cryptocurrency and once defamed as a ‘hyper-coin’) hit another all-time high passing $8000. Today, Bitcoin is worth about $50 billion and has been accepted under the law and tax frameworks of Canada, Australia, and Japan. • Ethereum network (platform) and its own fuel ( coin) Ether has appreciated more than 2,800% since it was launched in 2015. • Underlying Blockchain technology is no more a hype, it is disrupting every industry through its secure public ledger • ICOs have raked in over 3.6 Billion Dollars, the largest ICO in 2017 has been Filecoin raising over 257 Million Dollars. This is the just beginning of the ICO revolution where IPOs and traditional stock exchanges are going to become a thing in the past.
Let’s admit it. We either have a tribe of people who love the whole concept of decentralized and autonomous Peer to Peer network completely secure and away from the control of the regulators and bureaucrats OR you still belong to the other tribe, you think Cryptocurrencies are dark alleys and ‘good’ people should stay away lurking in these areas. We respect views on either side and we would like to just attempt to demystify few basic practical concepts here that one should know if you are new to this so called “Crypto Tribe”.
EVOLUTION OF CRYPTO AND BITCOIN The first internet currency, known as DigiCash, was created by David Chaum and is said to have its origin from Netherlands. This was arguably the first attempt, but the idea failed and the company went bankrupt in 1998. Keeping up with the trend PayPal ( one of the global leaders in Payments Industry) was next to follow-up and became highly successful, but did not create an actual cryptocurrency. So history was made when the first real cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, was invented by someone went by the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008 and went online in 2009. There has been several failed attempts to identify this person. This ground breaking and revolutionary makes it possible to take to replace central authorities, government, watchdogs bureaucrats and politicians with the decentralized blockchain, and take power away from Wall Street. Bitcoin has already broken its own records several times since it started. The chart below will obviously blow your mind if you have not tracked Bitcoin recently. In less than 8 years Bitcoin has given over 8000% return. From 0 to 8000 USD per coin. And ofcourse there are talks of the next bubble and market for Bitcoin crashing down anytime. Really? Let’s address them a bit later in this paper.
The legacy of crypto goes back to the days of World War II when cryptographic systems were devised to securely transmit messages between various parties. All has happened is the technology and evolution has progressed since with the advancement of Computer systems and underlying hardware and software. We hence now have a very powerful system on the network for anyone to harness.
WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? A blockchain is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography. Each block typically contains a hash pointer as a link to a previous block, a timestamp and transaction data. By design, blockchains are inherently resistant to modification of the data. A blockchain can serve as "an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way not in citation given. For use as a distributed ledger, a blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for validating new blocks. Once recorded, the data in any given block cannot be altered retroactively without the alteration of all subsequent blocks, which requires collusion of the network majority. And that is the latest Wikipedia definition for you. However, in layman terms, what is the best way to explain it? Let’s think of a used-car for a purpose of illustration. The new buyer would like to ensure that the car is genuinely owned by the seller, that the car servicing history is fully up to date and any major issues has been picked up transparently in the car service history. In real world that may not be possible always. Let’s take another example. We go to our regular family doctor ( GP). Their computer has full history of our health records from illness, diagnosis, medicines and treatments. If we go to another city, it would be very important that the new doctor has full information as well. Sometimes things do not work that way. And this is where the power of Blockchain comes into play. Blockchain is like a decentralized and distributed computer or electronic database existing on multiple computers at the same time ( but not owned by any big company specifically atall). The database keeps growing continuously as new sets of key information, or ‘blocks’, are added to it. Each block contains a very important information - timestamp and a link to the previous block. These then actually form a chain, everyone in the network gets a copy of the whole database but the database is not managed by any particular body, person or corporation. Entire old block are preserved forever and new blocks are added to the ledger irreversibly, making it next to impossible to manipulate by faking documents, transactions and other information. And yes, hackers know this and they have no interest in this area as they cannot manipulate here. They will most likely to continue to pry on large private businesses and public sector for ransom not Blockchain for a very long time or may be forever! It is also worthwhile mentioning here that since Blockchain runs on a public network, there are concept of ‘mining’ and rewards to the ‘miners’. In simple terms, people are rewarded for allowing their computers to be used for harnessing the ‘processing power’ of Block execution. Every new transaction on a block ofcourse needs to be executed. Now that you have got a bit of history of the whole Cryptocurrency and Block chain technology mumbo-jumbo, you may be thinking what about another term ICO which everyone keeps talking at the Pub and every now and then on various websites and journals. What are ICO really? Let’s get that out of way as possible.
THE DAWN OF INITIAL COIN OFFERING ( aka ICO) You are probably already familiar with the traditional stock market and the concept of Initial Public Offering ( IPO), so we will not go too deep into it. But in a nutshell, until recently businesses have raised money from the public by listing their businesses on the famous stock exchanges. Ofcourse, it is not possible for Mr. John Smith from a little village selling his home made secret strawberry jam globally until he has deep pockets. Neither he can even dream of getting his business listed on a stock exchange to raise cash from public. Hence listing businesses and raising cash has remain the forte of the big and bold with the backing of Venture Capitalist firms, Private Equity firms and the Brokers. And ofcourse there has been the means of the “Angel Investor” who would give cash by taking significant equity stake in a business started by the entrepreneur with their blood and sweat. Then emerged the concept of “Crowd Funding”. Online project funding websites like kickstarter, crowdcube, seedrs emerged. They allowed entrepreneurs to request for funds from the public. But these methods have raised limited funds, grossly regulated by the local authorities and not everyone could raise money from here. So you may ask what IPOs and Crowdfunding has anything to do with Blockchain technology and ICOs? Well what if we say that there are investors out there who believe in the disruptive nature of Blockchain Technology and are also early adopters of cryptocurrency such as bitcoin. Then there is whole liberal aspect of the unregulated market which makes the whole world shift towards a very different perspective. Now an entrepreneur could actually raise money for building their business from very early stages ( sometimes from just a concept level) and accepting the money not in traditional currency ( aka Fiat currency) but Cryptocurrency. And further, each of these new projects could even release their own version or token of an underlying cryptocurrency or digital currency. Now that’s sexy and awesome isn’t it? Well, we are not going to down the route here to inform the readers it is good or bad practice in this paper. We will leave that opinion formation to yourself. Now that you got a high level understanding of ICOs, the next thing you may want to know is that it is pretty straight forward to invest into an ICO ( we will cover more in this paper later). But you need to understand is ICOs just like an IPO are for short duration. Usually they last for few weeks (typically 4 weeks). You get bonus Tokens or the crypto coin to invest early. Once the ICO minimum target is reached ( Softcap) the coins gets listed on the CoinExchange and they start trading. Coinexchange? What are these then? Quite simple, just go back to the analogy between a traditional stock and traditional stock exchange. Very simple concept really. How you buy, sell and do the nitty-gritty just differs. Since there are no brokers or regulators involved here. The whole process is really simple and quick. It may worthwhile sharing a quick snapshot of the ICO market worldwide: It is mind boggling to see that new businesses in really concept stages are raising more money than traditional businesses in just few hours of ICOs getting listed. Obviously this is really bothering lot of people in high ranking posts. We are not here to again debate who is right or wrong here. What we essentially want you to understand is some of these ICOs are really shaping the next wave of revolution.
How many of you believed that a Smart Phone with a so called ‘mobile app’ would be worth billion of dollar? Look at Uber, Alibaba, Airbnb, Facebook. Why no one complains about their valuation? May be because these businesses have backing of very large venture capitalists, Private Equity firms? But who runs these VCs and PE firms? Do you really need 70 Billion Dollars to run a Taxi mobile app? We honestly do not know. But what we know for sure is disruptive technologies and businesses built on top of them always have an edge. And then you combine the technology and handover its power to the people you create a social eco-system that is so strong and powerful that it can override and form its own status. And that is what is happening with the ICOs. People are investing into their trust and belief. Now that’s more powerful than any single bank, government or institution !
If you have followed this paper so far, you should have started to get an idea of what is really going on here about the trio – Blockchain Technology, Cryptocurrencices and ICO. However, I am sure you still have may have zillion questions about how you do certain things. Let us try give you answers to some of the most common questions asked by those who really want to get involved.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Question 1: I am interested in buying and investing into a Cryptocurrency. Should I buy Bitcoin? Answer: Bitcoin is one of the most popular cryptocurrency. We can not advise you anything specific as you need to do your own research. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 6 November 2017 was over 1172 and growing. A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time. By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (2017-08-19) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Ripple and Litecoin.
Question 2: I am interested in investing into a ICO that what research and due-diligence I need to do ? Answer: We are glad that you mentioned the two magical words “research” and “due-diligence”. That is the most important golden nugget that we want you to take-away from this paper. Never-ever invest into a ICO unless you have researched it for how long it takes to build a strong opinion. Here is a good article that gives some really good tips. One quick tip from us would be ensure that Team is really strong and they are genuine people. http://mashable.com/2017/10/25/survive-ico/#CDVyGFJOiiqF
Question 3: How do I find out about upcoming ICOs and useful related news and press releases? Answer: There are plenty of websites now that can give you early headsup and keep you well informed. Our favourites are ICOBENCH, COINDESK, ICOALERT.
Question 4: Where can we buy and sell ICO and cryptocurrencies? Answer: If you are newbie, it may be a good idea to ask someone in your close network to guide you. There are lots of information and instructional video available on Youtube and other social media network and blogs. Sometimes too much information leads to confusion. You may also want to look into tutorials and training available at UDEMY.COM. But please steer away from self-proclaimed gurus. Do not buy any quick rich scheme related courses and scams. We have found that for beginners https://www.myetherwallet.com/ or https://parity.io/ are good starting point for Ethereum Blockchain related transactions.
Question 5: When is a good time to invest in Cryptocurrency? Answer: We wish we had the crystal ball to give you the answer. If we had this crystal ball in 2009 ( when Bitcoin started), we would be very rich people right now. But with a bit of research and education, you can master this. You need to make your own decision when is the right time for you.
Question 6: ICO and Cryptocurrency are all hype and dodgy? Answer: We are assuming you are a beginner, you do not know enough about Blockchain technology and how it works, you possibly have not spent enough time learning and tracking about cryptocurrencies. There is also a possibility you have never invested in a cryptocurrency or ICO. Or possibly you invested in a ICO that was a scam. You possibly could be a sophisticated investor in property, traditional shares, gold, forex and much more. But may be you do not want to know any more about Digital currencies or Technology as it is not your “comfort zone”. So the question is how much of homework you have done to assess if this whole concept for you is really interesting or completely ruled out? The decision end of the day is yours.
AUTHOR: Avijeet Jayashekhar: Has over 20 years of entrepreneurial, management consulting , Technology leadership in UK Financial Services Industry. He also has a long successful property investment business in UK. In his last stint, as Vice President of Barclays Bank UK, he managed large Technology Programme in next generation technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Robotic Process automation and Digital Payments including Blockchain. He has track record of setting up 3 successful global Technology businesses. Integrally part of the London Fintech and PropertyTech businesses, he is a popular mentor and speaker. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Electronic and Computer Science, a Business Management Qualification and Project Qualification from Stanford University. He is a British Citizen of Indian origin and lives near London with his family. Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/avijeetjs/
REFERENCES: https://icobench.com/stats https://www.coinbase.com/ https://www.icoalert.com/ https://www.coindesk.com/information/what-is-a-distributed-ledge https://tokentarget.com/the-evolution-of-the-ico-2017-and-beyond-2/ http://www.ilovegrowingmarijuana.com/the-basics-of-cryptocurrency/ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/0/cryptocurrency/ https://themerkle.com/top-10-cryptocurrency-icos-throughout-2017-to-date/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blockchain http://mashable.com/2017/10/25/survive-ico/#CDVyGFJOiiqF https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cryptocurrencies https://en.insider.pro/tutorials/2017-09-04/what-blockchain-laymans-terms/
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Subreddit Stats: btc posts from 2017-10-03 to 2017-10-09 13:22 PDT

Period: 6.50 days
Submissions Comments
Total 837 20193
Rate (per day) 128.85 2692.43
Unique Redditors 489 2132
Combined Score 26601 69285

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 1086 points, 17 submissions: increaseblocks
    1. Another all time low achieved - The Blockstream CSO just reported Coinbase to the NYDFS (on Twitter) claiming they are violating the Bitlicense (199 points, 91 comments)
    2. Craig Wright is NOT the face of or "CEO" Bitcoin Cash (181 points, 116 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Cash (BCH) Withdrawals now available on Gemini exchange (176 points, 39 comments)
    4. In just the month of September 2017 alone rBitcoin mods censored 5633 posts and comments! (115 points, 19 comments)
    5. Forget stealing data — these hackers broke into Amazon's cloud to mine bitcoin (91 points, 11 comments)
    6. Why Blockstream Is So Loudly Against Segwit2x (72 points, 52 comments)
    7. 10 reasons why Reddit admins should close down Bitcoin and not BTC (63 points, 62 comments)
    8. These are the real enemies of Bitcoin (43 points, 23 comments)
    9. Bitcoin Core developers along with Blockstream are destroying Bitcoin (36 points, 5 comments)
    10. Theory: Bitcoin Cash price is dropping as we get closer to SegWit2X hard fork. People are putting their money back into the SegWit1X chain for now so they can claim coins on both chains come November. (34 points, 43 comments)
  2. 970 points, 8 submissions: MemoryDealers
    1. Repost: "The notion of every #bitcoin user running their own node is as dumb as the notion of every email user running their own server.' (279 points, 233 comments)
    2. Just letting Bitcoin.org know that Bitcoin.com will list S2X as BTC (Just like 95% of the rest of the ecosystem will) (243 points, 146 comments)
    3. Censorship question (158 points, 164 comments)
    4. The newest Bitcoin CASH billboard is coming to Silicon Valley! ($1,000 in Bitcoin Cash giveaway contest) (90 points, 38 comments)
    5. Core supporter mentality: Why would anyone ever switch from Myspace to Facebook? Of course they won't, we are already #1 (73 points, 67 comments)
    6. Insights from "a professional capacity planner for one of the world’s busiest websites" on the block size issue. (59 points, 18 comments)
    7. South Korean Startups Are Preparing To Fight The Government's ICO Ban (48 points, 2 comments)
    8. Meanwhile in Japan: (20 points, 21 comments)
  3. 895 points, 7 submissions: poorbrokebastard
    1. Is segwit2x the REAL Banker takeover? (288 points, 400 comments)
    2. No supporter of Bitcoin Cash ever called it "Bcash." (207 points, 328 comments)
    3. The real upgrade happened on August 1st, 2017 (186 points, 206 comments)
    4. We are building a Big Blocker's Arsenal of Truth and we need your help! (143 points, 163 comments)
    5. Understanding the Implications of Restricting Capacity in a Peer to Peer Cash System. (53 points, 42 comments)
    6. Block space is a market-based, public good, NOT a centrally controlled, restricted commodity. (18 points, 48 comments)
    7. Crypt0 on youtube talks about the Segwit2x Banker Takeover (0 points, 3 comments)
  4. 866 points, 4 submissions: jessquit
    1. I think we need an EDA fix before the Nov hardfork (540 points, 352 comments)
    2. If you still think that SW2X is going to be a nice clean upgrade per the NYA you're smoking crack (136 points, 177 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Cash is the real Bitcoin, even if Segwit currently has greater market share due to its stronger shilling (104 points, 140 comments)
    4. "Firing Core" by running SW2X makes as much sense as firing the Linux kernel devs by running Ubuntu. (86 points, 69 comments)
  5. 785 points, 8 submissions: btcnewsupdates
    1. Overstock accepts Bitcoin Cash - BCH holders can now buy Home Goods, Bed & Bath Essentials, Jewellery & More! (586 points, 117 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Cash Gains More Infrastructure In the Midst of Segwit2x Drama - Bitcoin News (80 points, 35 comments)
    3. To commemorate its Bitcoin Cash addition, GMO has launched a cash-back campaign for bitcoin cash of up to 25,000 yen (40 points, 0 comments)
    4. India’s Koinex Exchange to Enable Bitcoin Cash Trading Soon (31 points, 13 comments)
    5. Unregulated Is Not Lawless - CFTC is investigating Coinbase’s Ethereum flash crash (23 points, 6 comments)
    6. SimpleFX, online Forex & Cryptocurrency broker recently introduced Bitcoin Cash as a deposit currency (22 points, 0 comments)
    7. Bitcoin Cash Popularity Allows ViaBTC Mining Pool to Surpass 1 Exahash (3 points, 0 comments)
    8. Trade Bitcoin Cash CFDs - The Rapidly Rising Crypto - plus500.co.uk‎ (0 points, 0 comments)
  6. 745 points, 18 submissions: cryptorebel
    1. Great analysis by singularity and jessquit on how anti-btc trolls shifted: "suddenly last year they all disappeared, and a new type of bitcoin user appeared who were fully in support of bitcoin but they just so happened to support every single thing Blockstream and its employees said and did." (102 points, 50 comments)
    2. Don't fall for EDA Dragons Den FUD. EDA is a powerful weapon that could kill off or cripple the segwit chain for good. Legacy coin has no EDA crash barrier as this article explains. This is why small blockers use FUD us to disarm the EDA (78 points, 118 comments)
    3. Roger Ver CEO of bitcoin.com says that from his point of view the segwit2x split just gives him more coins to sell for the Bitcoin Cash version which he thinks is the more useful Bitcoin @3min41s mark (71 points, 33 comments)
    4. Proof the new Dragons Den plan could be to try to split BCC with an EDA change. Mrhodl is confirmed Dragons Den, and Cobra Bitcoin is the leader of bitcoin.org which is making enemy lists for big block supporting businesses. (70 points, 47 comments)
    5. Right now segwit2x (BT2) is trading for $1143 and segwit1x (BT1) is $3070 on Bitfinex futures markets. Even with not the greatest terms, you would expect 2x to be much higher. I believe this bodes well for BCC. (61 points, 112 comments)
    6. The other day people were suggesting we do an EDA change before the November 2x fork. Here is why I think that is a terrible idea, and why we should only consider EDA change AFTER the 2x fork. (58 points, 40 comments)
    7. "Nick, Adam and others saw the flaw in the system being that they could not ensure one vote one person.. The flaw in that reasoning is assuming that one vote one person was ever a goal. Miners act economically not altruistically." (57 points, 14 comments)
    8. Original chain is now only 4.8% more profitable than Bitcoin Cash chain after the most recent EDA adjustment on BCC. Very normal blocktimes. Where is the EDA dragons den FUD now? (53 points, 33 comments)
    9. Great Explanation from Peter Rizun at 6min mark, on why Segregated Witness no longer fits the Definition of Bitcoin in the Whitepaper as a Chain of Signatures. (51 points, 19 comments)
    10. Right now segwit2x is $650 and segwit1x is $3906. Search for BT1 and BT2 on this page and you can see the futures prices. (51 points, 102 comments)
  7. 640 points, 3 submissions: BeijingBitcoins
    1. "Am I so out of touch?" (441 points, 163 comments)
    2. Bitcoin Cannot Be Only a Store of Value - excellent article by OpenBazaar dev Chris Pacia (189 points, 47 comments)
    3. Interesting research paper: Troops, Trolls and Troublemakers: A Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation (10 points, 2 comments)
  8. 622 points, 2 submissions: routefire
    1. "Everyone who supported UASF and now complains about S2X out of fear of confusion/lack of mandatory replay protection is a hypocrite. UASF did not have ANY replay protection, not even opt-in. UASF did not even have wipe-out protection!" (394 points, 133 comments)
    2. While /bitcoin was circle-jerking to the idea that no exchange would list the SW2x chain as BTC, Bitcoin Thailand's comment to the contrary was removed from the very same thread! (228 points, 70 comments)
  9. 510 points, 6 submissions: BitcoinIsTehFuture
    1. Bitfinex announcement about issuing BT1 & BT2 "Chain Split Tokens" to allow Futures trading. (BT1 = Segwit1x; BT2 = Segwit2x) (172 points, 173 comments)
    2. By proving that it can be done (getting rid of Core) this will set a HUUGE precedent and milestone that dev teams and even outright censorship cannot overtake Bitcoin. That will be an extremely bullish occasionfor all crypto. (149 points, 84 comments)
    3. Bitfinex is going to call Segwit2x coins "B2X" and let Core chain retain "BTC" ticker symbol. Bitfinex is therefore calling Segwit2x an altcoin and Core the "real chain". (138 points, 70 comments)
    4. The goal of all the forks appears to be to dilute investment in the true forks: Bitcoin Cash and Segwit2x. A sort of Scorched Earth approach by Blockstream. They are going to try to tear down Bitcoin as they get removed. (35 points, 11 comments)
    5. Blockstream be like (10 points, 11 comments)
    6. In light of all these upcoming forks, we need a site where you can put in a BTC address and it checks ALL the forks and says which chains still have a balance for that address. This way you can split your coins and send coins carefully. (6 points, 6 comments)
  10. 508 points, 3 submissions: xmrusher
    1. Can we take a moment to appreciate Jeff Garzik for how much bullshit he has to deal with while working to give BTC a long-needed upgrade that Core has been blocking for so long? (278 points, 193 comments)
    2. The very objective article "Bitcoin is not ruled by miners" on the "bitcoin wiki" was added by theymos on 8th of August this year. Nothing strange to see here, just an objective, encyclopedia-quality overview! (155 points, 58 comments)
    3. According to Crooked Greg, Jeff merging opt-in replay protection is "alarming", because it must mean Jeff wants to blacklist people's addresses too. Core devs keep lying and manipulating to stir more drama and further the split in the community. Disgusting! (75 points, 16 comments)
  11. 505 points, 4 submissions: WalterRothbard
    1. Sam Patterson on Twitter: Can anyone explain why miners and CEOs agreeing to a 2mb hard fork was no big deal with the HKA but is a "corporate takeover" with the NYA? (221 points, 85 comments)
    2. Apparently Bitcoin requires trust now - trusting Core. I didn't get that memo. I think I'll opt out. (169 points, 139 comments)
    3. Erik Voorhees on Twitter: Nothing about NYA was secret (106 points, 34 comments)
    4. How much BTC is in segwit addresses? (9 points, 25 comments)
  12. 480 points, 3 submissions: BitcoinXio
    1. Friendly reminder: if you haven't yet, watch this video which shows reddit is gamed and manipulated by professional shills paid by companies with huge million dollar budgets. It is up to our community to defend itself against these bad actors. (325 points, 99 comments)
    2. Blockchain CEO Peter Smith on Twitter: "We've dedicated our lives to building bitcoin products, introduced millions to bitcoin, evangelized, long before it was cool. Enemies?" (in response to Adam Back) (147 points, 47 comments)
    3. Liberty in North Korea: Reddit online community members join forces to assist in the placement of North Korea’s Hermit Kingdom refugees (8 points, 3 comments)
  13. 459 points, 4 submissions: singularity87
    1. The entire bitcoin economy is attacking bitcoin says bitcoin.org! You can't make this shit up. (435 points, 279 comments)
    2. Understanding Bitcoin - Incentives & The Power Dynamic (13 points, 1 comment)
    3. Understanding Bitcoin - What is 'Centralisation'? (9 points, 9 comments)
    4. Understanding Bitcoin - Validity is in the Eye of the Beholder (2 points, 25 comments)
  14. 434 points, 3 submissions: Gregory_Maxwell
    1. Wikipedia Admins: "[Gregory Maxwell of Blockstream Core] is a very dangerous individual" "has for some time been behaving very oddly and aggressively" (214 points, 79 comments)
    2. Gregory Maxwell: I didn't look to see how Bitcoin worked because I had already proven it (strong decentralized consensus) to be impossible. (122 points, 103 comments)
    3. LAST 1000 BLOCKS: Segwit2x-intent blocks: 922 (92.2%) (98 points, 99 comments)
  15. 419 points, 1 submission: Testwest78
    1. Making Gregory Maxwell a Bitcoin Core Committer Was a “Huge Mistake” Says Gavin Andresen (419 points, 231 comments)
  16. 412 points, 14 submissions: knight222
    1. Kudos to Theymos who wanted to clear things up... (311 points, 89 comments)
    2. COINFUCIUS on Twitter: We are working with the machine's manufacturer to incorporate Bitcoin Cash support. This is a priority for us. (76 points, 2 comments)
    3. Cash, credit ... or Bitcoin? St. John's gets 1st cybercurrency ATM - Newfoundland - Labrador (9 points, 1 comment)
    4. Banks like the potential of digital currencies but are cool on bitcoin, UBS says (3 points, 0 comments)
    5. The Feds Just Collected $48 Million from Seized Bitcoins (3 points, 1 comment)
    6. while Bitcoin users might get increasingly tyrannical about limiting the size of the chain so it's easy for lots of users and small devices. (3 points, 3 comments)
    7. ‘Fraud.’ ‘More than a fad.’ The words Wall Street CEOs are using to describe bitcoin (2 points, 0 comments)
    8. Bitcoin is creating stark divisions on Wall Street (1 point, 0 comments)
    9. Bitcoin: Bitcoin's rise happened in the shadows. Now banks want in (1 point, 0 comments)
    10. Japan’s Biggest Bank Plans to “Overcome” Bitcoin Volatility with 'MUFG Coin' (1 point, 0 comments)
  17. 406 points, 5 submissions: jonald_fyookball
    1. Normal, real twitter users don't add [UASF], [No2x] or any "causes" to their user handles. Obvious astroturfing is obvious. Do they really think they are fooling anyone? (175 points, 134 comments)
    2. Greg Maxwell (and others) may be engaging in the illegal harassment of Jeff Garzik. (92 points, 24 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Cash FAQ updated. Explains why Bitcoin Cash doesn't have SegWit and why it was not considered a capacity increase (87 points, 11 comments)
    4. Is it all a bait and switch campaign? (32 points, 14 comments)
    5. Possible EDA simulation algorithm sketch (20 points, 12 comments)
  18. 404 points, 3 submissions: Annapurna317
    1. Everyone should calm down. The upgrade to 2x has 95%+ miner support and will be as smooth as a hot knife through butter. Anyone that says otherwise is fear monguring or listening to bitcoin propaganda. (364 points, 292 comments)
    2. Notice: Redditor for 3-4 months accounts or accounts that do not have a history of Bitcoin posts are probably the same person or just a few people paid to manipulate discussion here. It's likely a paid astroturfing campaign. (38 points, 30 comments)
    3. The latest TED Radio Hour titled “Getting Organized” talks about the decentralized algorithms of ants and how centralization is not the most ideal state of an organization. (2 points, 0 comments)
  19. 385 points, 1 submission: squarepush3r
    1. Dangerous direction for /btc, possible jump the shark moment. Witch-hunting, paid troll and Dragon Den's accusation to justify censorship. (385 points, 201 comments)
  20. 381 points, 1 submission: hunk_quark
    1. Why is there so much debate on whether Bitcoin is store of value or digital currency? Satoshi's white paper was pretty clear it's a digital currency. (381 points, 182 comments)
  21. 369 points, 5 submissions: craftercrafter
    1. Gavin Andresen on Twitter: Early bitcoin devs luckily picked the right project at the right time. None are irreplaceable, bitcoin will succeed with or without us. (293 points, 57 comments)
    2. Antpool, BTC.TOP & Viabtc all said EDA is a temporary design for BCC. They are just waiting for the new algorithm. (34 points, 19 comments)
    3. SimpleFX, an Online Forex & Cryptocurrency Broker, Adds Bitcoin Cash Payments as well as Bitcoin Cash Trading Pairs! (27 points, 1 comment)
    4. BCC Miners, two EDAs have locked in. This will reduce mining difficulty to 64.00%. If you are aiming to achieve profit parity, you should start mining after the next EDA (in 2.5 hours), because then the difficulty will be at 51%, which gives profit parity on both chains and steady block rate. (9 points, 14 comments)
    5. Antpool, Viabtc, Bitcoin.com, BTC.com, we need to hear your voice. In the case of a scheduled hardfork for updating the EDA, will your pool follow? (6 points, 18 comments)
  22. 348 points, 6 submissions: specialenmity
    1. Fact: proof of work which is the foundation of bitcoin and not invented by Adam back was designed to counter attacks where one person falsely represents to be many(like spam). Subreddits and twitter dont form the foundation of bitcoin for a reason. (156 points, 27 comments)
    2. I'm a small blocker and I support the NYA (87 points, 46 comments)
    3. Devs find clever way to add replay protection that doesn't change transaction format which would break software compatibility and cause disruption. G. Max responds by saying that this blacklisting is a sign of things to come. (49 points, 57 comments)
    4. Five ways small blocks (AKA core1mb) hurt decentralization (36 points, 4 comments)
    5. Even if bitcoins only use to society was avoiding negative interest rates, bail-ins + bail-outs, that is incredibly useful to society. Of course a banker like Jamie Dimon would call something a fraud that removes a "bank tax" on society by allowing them to avoid these fraudulent charges. (18 points, 0 comments)
    6. There are different kinds of censorship. The core propagandists are unwittingly great advocates of economic censorship (2 points, 1 comment)
  23. 286 points, 2 submissions: coincrazyy
    1. Rick Falkvinge on Twitter - "Blockstream's modus operandi is not particularly hard to copy. It's just so cheap and shortsighted." -Gets 5000 ReTweets and 5000 likes in 30 mins. TO PROVE A POINT. ASTROTURFING DOES NOT MEAN CONSENSUS (164 points, 15 comments)
    2. Segwit was invented by "cypherpunks" THAT FAILED TO CREATE A VIABLE DIGITAL CURRENCY. Bitcoin was created by a cypherpunk that SUCCEEDED. (122 points, 118 comments)
  24. 257 points, 2 submissions: olivierjanss
    1. Why Bitfinex’s “Chain Split Tokens” are completely biased towards the small block side (again) (205 points, 165 comments)
    2. Reminder of what took place behind closed doors in 2016, revealing Blockstream & Core's quest for domination & lies. (52 points, 3 comments)
  25. 254 points, 9 submissions: SeppDepp2
    1. #SegWit2x is an upgrade to BTC and will use the BTC ticker. (103 points, 59 comments)
    2. Core rage quitting Swiss Bitcoin Association ? - Due to a CSW free speech ? - OMG - grow up little prejudges! (76 points, 141 comments)
    3. "Venezuela could soon decide to adopt the Bitcoin as its new currency" - Hope they'll use Satoshi's Bitcoin Cash - They cannot afford high fees like most No2X / NoCash puppets! (36 points, 6 comments)
    4. A short logical layman proof definition of Bitcoin: Look up, what Bitcoin really is: 1) Whitepaper 2) First code version Bitcoin is Bitcoin Cash and includes e.g. the witness. Segwit - Bitcoin is an alternative to this (ALT). (17 points, 3 comments)
    5. Core gets hyperallergic about a free speach of CSW in neutral Switzerland (6 points, 35 comments)
    6. Different Bitcoins: Value proposition, trust, reputation - confidence (6 points, 0 comments)
    7. Four Different November Scenarios (6 points, 24 comments)
    8. Swiss biggest FinTech launches BITCOIN Tracker (valid up to 2020) (2 points, 1 comment)
    9. Watch out for this kind of pattern! If it comes to such a segregation of good old members into good and enemy its gonna be dirty! (2 points, 0 comments)
  26. 230 points, 2 submissions: williaminlondon
    1. PSA: latest rbitcoin post "It's time to label (and remove from reddit.com) what is plainly obvious: btc is a monetized subreddit for bitcoin.com." (126 points, 57 comments)
    2. Did anyone notice how angry Blockstream / Core people are whenever good news are posted here? (104 points, 108 comments)
  27. 227 points, 1 submission: dskloet
    1. All the #no2x bullshit is the fault of the people who agreed to activeate SegWit before 2x. (227 points, 199 comments)
  28. 226 points, 5 submissions: opling
    1. Japan's Largest Bitcoin Exchange Bitflyer Launches Bitcoin Visa Prepaid Card (112 points, 1 comment)
    2. Large Japanese Energy Supplier Adds Bitcoin Payments With a Discount (44 points, 4 comments)
    3. Bitcoin ATMs On the Rise in Russia (40 points, 2 comments)
    4. Russia's Central Bank Instructs Clearinghouse Not to Settle Cryptocurrency Contracts (18 points, 1 comment)
    5. Government Head of IT Department Fired for Mining Bitcoin Using State-Owned Computers in Crimea (12 points, 2 comments)
  29. 222 points, 2 submissions: GrumpyAnarchist
    1. Xapo just sold off another 70,000 BCH today, that might explain the price. They're down to 176K in their main wallet now. (166 points, 132 comments)
    2. Roger, can you make Bitcoin Cash an option, with maybe a link to info, in the original wallet setup phase for the Bitcoin.com wallet? (56 points, 28 comments)
  30. 216 points, 7 submissions: uMCCCS
    1. TIL a BS employee, Chris Decker, and some other people released a study that says "4 MB blocks don't cause centralization" (128 points, 19 comments)
    2. Without ASICs, there would be large botnets that are more centralized (44 points, 43 comments)
    3. Bitcoin-ML Bucketed UTXO Commitment (a.k.a. Blockchain pruning!) (27 points, 6 comments)
    4. Bitcoin Cash is Satoshi's BitCoin, not altered Bitcoin (10 points, 10 comments)
    5. TIL BashCo has a website "2x Countdown" (5 points, 1 comment)
    6. How true is rBTC censorship? (2 points, 7 comments)
    7. If S1X lives and Core Never HardForks, BTC will die in year 2038 (0 points, 7 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. williaminlondon (3150 points, 739 comments)
  2. poorbrokebastard (2114 points, 518 comments)
  3. cryptorebel (1768 points, 257 comments)
  4. space58 (1313 points, 201 comments)
  5. Adrian-X (1109 points, 235 comments)
  6. knight222 (1037 points, 157 comments)
  7. bitcoincashuser (946 points, 188 comments)
  8. jessquit (901 points, 150 comments)
  9. ---Ed--- (758 points, 185 comments)
  10. LovelyDay (742 points, 125 comments)
  11. jonald_fyookball (720 points, 106 comments)
  12. Not_Pictured (701 points, 111 comments)
  13. awemany (675 points, 173 comments)
  14. BitcoinXio (611 points, 41 comments)
  15. Gregory_Maxwell (609 points, 90 comments)
  16. singularity87 (608 points, 44 comments)
  17. 2dsxc (587 points, 79 comments)
  18. BitcoinIsTehFuture (567 points, 79 comments)
  19. BTCrob (534 points, 214 comments)
  20. H0dl (531 points, 79 comments)
  21. dskloet (517 points, 94 comments)
  22. Ant-n (509 points, 132 comments)
  23. nullc (497 points, 66 comments)
  24. tippr (483 points, 284 comments)
  25. todu (476 points, 63 comments)
  26. GrumpyAnarchist (472 points, 127 comments)
  27. tophernator (462 points, 78 comments)
  28. livecatbounce (456 points, 61 comments)
  29. kenman345 (453 points, 49 comments)
  30. cryptonaut420 (403 points, 50 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Overstock accepts Bitcoin Cash - BCH holders can now buy Home Goods, Bed & Bath Essentials, Jewellery & More! by btcnewsupdates (586 points, 117 comments)
  2. I think we need an EDA fix before the Nov hardfork by jessquit (540 points, 352 comments)
  3. "Am I so out of touch?" by BeijingBitcoins (441 points, 163 comments)
  4. The entire bitcoin economy is attacking bitcoin says bitcoin.org! You can't make this shit up. by singularity87 (435 points, 279 comments)
  5. Making Gregory Maxwell a Bitcoin Core Committer Was a “Huge Mistake” Says Gavin Andresen by Testwest78 (419 points, 231 comments)
  6. "Everyone who supported UASF and now complains about S2X out of fear of confusion/lack of mandatory replay protection is a hypocrite. UASF did not have ANY replay protection, not even opt-in. UASF did not even have wipe-out protection!" by routefire (394 points, 133 comments)
  7. Dangerous direction for /btc, possible jump the shark moment. Witch-hunting, paid troll and Dragon Den's accusation to justify censorship. by squarepush3r (385 points, 201 comments)
  8. Why is there so much debate on whether Bitcoin is store of value or digital currency? Satoshi's white paper was pretty clear it's a digital currency. by hunk_quark (381 points, 182 comments)
  9. Everyone should calm down. The upgrade to 2x has 95%+ miner support and will be as smooth as a hot knife through butter. Anyone that says otherwise is fear monguring or listening to bitcoin propaganda. by Annapurna317 (364 points, 292 comments)
  10. Friendly reminder: if you haven't yet, watch this video which shows reddit is gamed and manipulated by professional shills paid by companies with huge million dollar budgets. It is up to our community to defend itself against these bad actors. by BitcoinXio (325 points, 99 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 194 points: cryptorebel's comment in Dangerous direction for /btc, possible jump the shark moment. Witch-hunting, paid troll and Dragon Den's accusation to justify censorship.
  2. 167 points: EH74JP's comment in The entire bitcoin economy is attacking bitcoin says bitcoin.org! You can't make this shit up.
  3. 158 points: BobWalsch's comment in I think we need an EDA fix before the Nov hardfork
  4. 157 points: BitcoinXio's comment in Dangerous direction for /btc, possible jump the shark moment. Witch-hunting, paid troll and Dragon Den's accusation to justify censorship.
  5. 149 points: MemoryDealers's comment in All the #no2x bullshit is the fault of the people who agreed to activeate SegWit before 2x.
  6. 116 points: Testwest78's comment in Making Gregory Maxwell a Bitcoin Core Committer Was a “Huge Mistake” Says Gavin Andresen
  7. 115 points: 2dsxc's comment in I think we need an EDA fix before the Nov hardfork
  8. 106 points: Piper67's comment in jgarzik please do not add replay protection
  9. 106 points: singularity87's comment in The entire bitcoin economy is attacking bitcoin says bitcoin.org! You can't make this shit up.
  10. 99 points: zowki's comment in Bitcoin.com Pool stabilized the Bitcoin Cash blockchain (prevented excessive EDAs)
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
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